Lesson 1. Topic 1
The structure and principles of functioning of the immune system. Age immunology
Give detailed answers to the following questions
Send your answers for review to e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Sign the next information in the topic of the letter and in the title of the attached file (.doc or .docx): Last name, First name, Group, Subgroup, Subject, Topic number. For example: "Smith, John. 415. Sub-group 15. Clinical immunology. Topic 1". Attention! Works with incorrect titles will not be reviewed!
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- Age-specific features of the functioning of the immune system in children of all ages and the elderly. The concept of critical periods of the immune system.
- Monocyte-macrophage system: functions, features, role in the formation and realization of the immune response.
- Killing effect as a component of immunobiological surveillance. Basic types of killer cells, their function and properties.
- Humoral factors of innate immunity.
- Thymus: the main features of ontogeny and functioning.
- The role of the T-link in the implementation of the immune response. Subpopulations of T lymphocytes. Major markers and clusters of differentiation.
- B-cell immunity. Basic markers and features. Concepts of T-dependent and T-independent types of an immune response.
- Immunoglobulins: structure, functions, classes. Characteristics of immune complexes and their role in the development of pathology.
- Cytokines: classification, function and involvement in immune processes.
- Structure and function of the major histocompatibility complex. The role of the HLA phenotype in the disease formation.